After his unsuccessful 1988 presidential bid mobilized Christian Right voters, televangelist Pat Robertson channeled his campaign’s energy into forming two influential right-wing organizations. One was the voter mobilization powerhouse the Christian Coalition of America; the other was the American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ).
Make no mistake, the similarity of the American Center for Law and Justice’s name and acronym–ACLJ– to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is no accident. Robertson declared that he founded the group to “stop the ACLU in court.”1 The group claims that “activist judges” and liberal attorneys from the American Civil Liberties Union and the Department of Justice have made the judicial branch antagonistic to the rights of Christians, purporting to serve supposedly persecuted Christians by representing them in the courtroom, drafting proposed laws, and promoting a right-wing interpretation of the Constitution.
In a 2011 broadcast of the 700 Club, Robertson declared that God told him directly that the ACLJ “will be needed as never before.”2 The ACLJ maintains that Christians have been losing their religious liberties due to a government hostile to their faith and that America’s Founding Fathers never intended a strict separation of church and state.
The ACLJ is particularly active in battles over marriage equality; the group helped draft the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA),”3 the federal law that defined marriage as the “legal union of one man and one woman.”
Despite claims of protecting “freedom of religion,” the group vigorously supports organized prayer in public schools and worked with anti-Muslim activists to try to stop the construction of the Park 51 Islamic Community Center near Ground Zero in New York City, insisting that Muslims cannot be loyal American citizens.4 Its executive director even appeared alongside extremist anti-Muslim leaders Pamela Geller, Robert Spencer, Geert Wilders, and James Lafferty at a rally opposing the construction of the community center.5 Other current cases listed on the ACLJ’s website include opposition to reproductive rights and “ObamaCare,” defense of Arizona’s draconian anti-immigrant law, arguments for government promotion of religion, and campaigning against “Sharia Law.”
The ACLJ is now one of the principal legal advocacy groups in the conservative movement, along with the Alliance Defense Fund, Liberty Counsel, the Liberty Institute, and the Thomas More Law Center. The group has built strong partnerships with many Religious Right groups, including the Christian Defense Coalition, Faith and Action,6 the American Family Association,7 and WallBuilders.8 Its reach has expanded globally with affiliates in countries including France, Israel, Kenya, Pakistan, Russia, Zimbabwe, and Brazil. The ACLJ launched the offshoot African Center for Law and Justice in 2010 and the East African Center for Law and Justice in 2011.
To lead ACLJ, Robertson tapped Jay Alan Sekulow, a messianic Jew and a former General Counsel of Jews for Jesus. Sekulow’s son, Jordan, became the ACLJ’s executive director following a stint in Mitt Romney’s unsuccessful 2008 presidential campaign; both Sekulows are staunch Romney supporters, who has expressed admiration for the Sekulows in turn.
Robertson continues to serve as president of the ACLJ’s board, bringing the full benefit of his powerful foothold in Christian Right politics and media. The Regent University School of Law, a private Christian institution that Robertson founded as the “Christian Broadcasting Network University” in 1978, has a working partnership with the ACLJ, housing one of the organization’s primary offices and providing a faculty position for Jay Sekulow. The Sekulows and other ACLJ attorneys frequently appear on Christian Broadcasting Network programming and its flagship show, The 700 Club, which is hosted by Robertson.
Both Jay and son Jordan Sekulow host their own radio talk shows, where they frequently entertain Republican members of Congress and presidential candidates.10 Jay Sekulow Live airs on over 850 radio stations11 and ACLJ This Week broadcasts on a number of other Christian televangelist networks, including Trinity Broadcasting12 Network, NRB Network (National Religious Broadcasters),13and Daystar.14
The Better Business Bureau says the ACLJ does not meet ten of its twenty standards for charity accountability, citing problems with oversight, compensation, accuracy of expenses, financial transparency, and disclosure; the president of the American Institute of Philanthropy and even the founder of the conservative Rutherford Institute have criticized the group’s financial mismanagement.15
An Associated Press investigation found that since 1998, the ACLJ and Christian Advocates Serving Evangelism (CASE), Sekulow’s family-controlled charity, “have paid more than $33 million to members of Sekulow’s family and businesses they own or co-own.”16 Sekulow does not take a salary from the ACLJ because, as reported by the Legal Times, “Sekulow outsourced his own legal services” and private contractors are not required to release salary information. Sekulow has previously admitted to a high six figure salary.17
The primary source of revenue for CASE lies in rerouted ACLJ donations. In fact, more money–even three times as much–ends up in CASE’s coffers, which helps support his family’s “lavish lifestyle” of multiple homes, exorbitantly priced meals, and trips in corporate jets.18 In the April 1, 2009 to March 31, 2010 fiscal year, the ACLJ reported more than $13 million in revenue,19 while from Jan 1, 2010 to December 31, 2010 CASE reported a whopping $41,462,286 in revenue.20 Sekulow’s brother, wife, two sons, and daughter-in-law all have roles in the ACLJ , CASE, or both.21
According to the ACLJ’s Fiscal Year 2011 990 form, the ACLJ also paid over $2.6 million to the Constitutional Litigation and Advocacy Group (CLAG), which is 50 percent owned by Sekulow, and over $500,000 to another Sekulow-affiliated group, the Law and Justice Institute.22
Jay Sekulow writes in his 1990 book From Intimidation to Victory that the United States is a “Christian nation, founded on Christian principles,”23 but that secular humanism has “replaced the Judeo-Christian ethic as the moral base for law”24 and is its own established religion.25 He says Christians are becoming a persecuted group in America and counsels them to take political and legal action: “If you really believe what the Bible says–that Jesus is the only way, that outside our comfortable church buildings there is a world full of drifting souls, doomed to hell–then you have to be aggressive.”26
“When courts are forced to examine the freedoms guaranteed in our divinely inspired code of law,” Sekulow writes, “more often than not the freedom to proclaim the gospel rises above Satan’s smoke screens and lawyers’ hot air.”27
Indeed, Sekulow asserts that Satan is responsible for twisting the First Amendment to the detriment of Christians.28 “Satan’s legions have got the jump on us in this area. They have perverted the precious guarantees of freedom found in our nation’s First Amendment,” Sekulow explains. “The broad result has been diminished freedom of religious expression while expressions of immorality enjoy increased freedom.”29
As Sekulow’s clout has grown, he has toned down such “spiritual warfare” language for a wider audience, particularly with his frequent appearances on outlets like Fox News.30 However, the central message that Christians are facing persecution from an inimical secular government remains at the heart of the ACLJ’s work under Sekulow. “If you are a God-fearing Christian, then powerful forces in our culture say YOU are the dangerous radical that needs to be censored, chastised and even punished!” Sekulow writes in a 2009 direct mail appeal providing an “Anti-Christian Bigotry Alert.” “It is as if ‘open season’ has been declared in the courts on Christians.” 31
Also in 2009, Sekulow claimed that his group “discovered” a measure in Obama’s economic stimulus package that would infringe on religious freedom. But as People For the American Way Senior Fellow Peter Montgomery points out, “the provision ‘discovered’ by the ACLJ has been included in legislation for decades, and has been upheld by the Supreme Court.” The offending provision “prevents federal funds from being used to construct buildings, like chapels, designed for religious worship or sectarian instruction.”32 The ACLJ threatened to sue the federal government if the stimulus plan was enacted with that provision. So far, it has not followed through.33
The ACLJ has attacked school science standards for not including creationism and intelligent design in the classroom, with Sekulow promising to challenge the teaching of the theory of evolution, calling it the issue that is “most prominent now in our nation’s public schools, and may well present the new frontier on school-related issues.”34
With a growing political voice and financial success, Jay Sekulow emerged as a top adviser to the George W. Bush administration on judicial nominations, including the selection of Supreme Court justices. He backed Mitt Romney for the 2008 Republican presidential nomination, and is now assisting Romney’s campaign with outreach to Religious Right activists. ACLJ attorney David French founded the group Evangelicals for Mitt,35 co-authoring a book with his wife, Why Evangelicals Should Support Mitt Romney (And Feel Good About It!).36
Jay Sekulow’s son Jordan bragged in a radio interview with right-wing pseudo-historian David Barton that his father “was one of four people that were involved in the [judicial] nomination process in the Bush White House” and promised that a future Romney administration will listen to the elder Sekulow. “Do you want more Alito and Roberts? He’s made these pledges,” he said.37
Romney welcomed the endorsement from Jay and Jordan Sekulow, crediting the two with being “on the front lines fighting for conservatives.” Romney said: “On issues of great importance to me, including religious freedom and protecting human life, Jay and Jordan have been tireless leaders. I look forward to working with them to ensure that we can bring conservative change to Washington.”38
In a 1997 fundraising note entitled, “Chief counsel’s confidential report on the homosexual agenda,” Jay Sekulow accused everyone from the entertainment industry and public schools to Fortune 500 companies of promoting the “homosexual agenda,” which he described as a “runaway train bent on destroying our communities.”39
“Homosexuals are not only out of the closet, they are out to destroy the family as we know it,” Sekulow warned, writing that gay rights advocates intend to make America “the world’s greatest promoter of every form of sexual deviancy.” He insisted in the memo that “the state has a compelling interest to ban the act of homosexuality” and at minimum refuse “to promote the act that society deems destructive.”
Though Sekulow has toned down his rhetoric, the ACLJ still lists the “radical homosexual agenda” as a principal concern, alleging that “there is a continuing threat against the free speech rights of those who refuse to subscribe to the notion that homosexuality is an inborn trait that is morally neutral.”40
In Congress and in the courts, the ACLJ has been a consistent opponent of gay rights initiatives and a champion of anti-gay legislation. According to Sekulow, the ACLJ has employed an “aggressive strategy of defending the traditional view of marriage in each significant marriage case that existed anywhere in the United States,”41 including California,42 Connecticut,43 Massachusetts,44 Nebraska,45 New Jersey,46 Oregon,47 Vermont,48 and Washington.49 In 2010, in an attempt to force Washington, D.C., to put its own marriage equality law up to a popular referendum, the ACLJ filed a brief on behalf of 49 Republican members of Congress.50
In addition to helping to draft and defend DOMA, Sekulow testified before the U.S. Senate in 2004 on behalf of the Federal Marriage Amendment, which if passed would have defined marriage in the Constitution as between one man and one woman. Sekulow claimed that since marriage between one man and one woman is the “the cornerstone of our welfare, of our liberties and of our responsibilities as a free people,” offering same-sex couples the freedom to marry would put such freedoms at risk. “No matter what you call the union of any grouping of persons other than one man and one woman, it will never be a marriage,” Sekulow stated, predicting that “the legal recognition of any relationship on the same level as traditional marriage will wreak irreversible harm on American society.”51
When the Obama administration’s Department of Justice dropped its defense of DOMA on the grounds that it is unconstitutional, Sekulow told Robertson on he 700 Club that “we are now living in a monarchy,”52 and on his own radio show, Jay Sekulow Live, claimed that Obama is leading an “imperial presidency.”53 Sekulow neglected to mention that the Departments of Justice under both presidents Bush opted not to defend laws they deemed unconstitutional.54
Beyond targeting marriage equality initiatives, ACLJ works against any efforts to end anti-LGBTQ discrimination. In 1999, the ACLJ challenged an ordinance in Louisville, Kentucky, that banned employment discrimination based on “sexual orientation” and “gender identity.”55 A year earlier, the group successfully represented two Minnesota teachers who protested their school’s requirement that they participate in a session on “Gays and Lesbians in the Workplace,” charging that the “state of Minnesota tried to force these employees to change their beliefs about homosexuality.”56
The organization even opposed the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Hate Crimes Prevention Act, which in 2010 made it a federal hate crime to attack someone based on their sexual orientation, gender, or gender identity. The ACLJ maintained that “this isn’t really anything about crime, it’s really about approving the sexual orientation statutes to include that in the context of civil rights.” Sekulow called the law a “slippery slope” meant to “change a social structure” and “serve as a muzzle,” eventually giving attorneys a chance to prosecute “a pastor for giving a sermon.”57
Sekulow has championed the Boy Scouts of America’s ban on openly gay scoutmasters for years, telling donors in March 2000 that the Scouts have “come under attack from homosexual activists–who may well set their sights on your church next.”58 In an amicus brief to the Supreme Court, the ACLJ defended the Boy Scout’s finding that homosexuals are not morally “clean,” writing, “Men who by word or deed condone homosexuality cannot, therefore, be good role models.”59
The group unsuccessfully defended state bans on sodomy in Lawrence v. Texas (2003), arguing in an amicus brief to the Supreme Court that “the ban on same-sex sodomy clearly passes constitutional muster” in order to further “public morality” and combat “health risks.”60
Most recently, the ACLJ has championed the poorly-named Military Religious Freedom Protection Act, which would prohibit facilities on military property from use in same-sex marriage ceremonies, even in states where such unions are legal and chaplains may want to officiate.61 In an ominous email to members, Sekulow warned that if such practices are not banned, then “soon military chaplains could be required to perform same-sex marriages.”62 Sekulow’s son Jordan hosted the bill’s chief sponsor, Rep. Tim Huelskamp (R-KS), on his radio show, where the congressman alleged that the Obama administration is “using the military as a guinea pig” for the “radical homosexual agenda.”63
This fall, the ACLJ fired a senior counsel, James Henderson, after bloggers revealed he lived a double life as a gay man who had sex with at least one underage (17-year-old) boy.64
The ACLJ is firmly rooted in the anti-choice movement, building its “pro-life” reputation by defending opponents of abortion rights who harassed health care workers and clients.
Sekulow argued on behalf of anti-abortion rights activists in the 1996 Supreme Court case Schenck v. Pro-Choice Network of Western New York. In the case, Paul Schenck, then executive vice president of the ACLJ, was leading blockades intended to prevent access to abortion clinics. Sekulow challenged the constitutionality of court-ordered “buffer zones” prohibiting demonstrations around the clinic’s entrance (“fixed buffer zones”) and vehicles and people seeking to enter the clinic (“floating buffer zones”). The Supreme Court ultimately upheld the constitutionality of fixed buffer zones, but struck down floating buffer zones. In a similar Supreme Court case in 1999, Sekulow unsuccessfully represented anti-choice activists in Colorado who violated a state regulation prohibiting unwanted communications at health clinic entrances with people going inside.66
During the George W. Bush administration, an ACLJ fundraising appeal warned that “babies are still at risk of the gruesome torture-murder called partial-birth abortion.” While awaiting the passage of Congressional legislation banning a form of late-term abortion, the ACLJ called for donations to fight expected attacks from the ACLU and the “multi-million-dollar abortion industry.” The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban passed in 2003 and was upheld by the Supreme Court in 2007.67
In 2011, the ACLJ represented a Texas bus driver fired after refusing to transport two women to a Planned Parenthood clinic. While the clinic offers a wide range of services ranging from pregnancy tests to breast cancer exams, the driver came to the conclusion through prayer that the passengers were seeking an abortion and refused to drive them.68 Even the ACLJ attorney representing this seemingly omniscient bus driver admitted that he could not have known why the women were going to a Planned Parenthood facility.69 The transit service settled with the driver in 2011, under the condition that he would never seek work in the transportation system again, under advice “that it would cost a lot more in attorney fees than it would cost to settle.”70 That same year, the ACLJ won a lengthy legal battle representing four Illinois Walgreens pharmacists who were fired for denying customers the “morning-after” pill.71
The ACLJ claimed that under Obama, the Department of Homeland Security labeled “pro-lifers [to be the] most dangerous domestic terrorists,”72 in what Sekulow called an “inflammatory” report.73 The report in question mentioned “opposition to abortion” in a single footnote as an example of a single issue that might motivate some homegrown terrorists.
A leading proponent of defunding Planned Parenthood, the ACLJ filed an amicus brief in May 2012 supporting the state of Texas’s decision to strip funding from the women’s health organization.74 ACLJ founded the Committee to Stop Taxpayer Funding of Abortion in order “to stop this atrocity,”75 even though the Hyde Amendment already bars federal dollars from going towards abortion services. Sekulow boasted that the ACLJ has brought “a whole series of lawsuits” against Planned Parenthood.76
The ACLJ also started the Committee to Protect America’s Constitution to protest the Obama administration’s decision to require birth control coverage in insurance plans, including those at institutions affiliated with religious denominations. Sekulow called the move a “radical assault on our values” and has filed an amicus brief, representing Rep. Jeff Landry (R-LA), against the new regulation.77
“It is clear we have a president who is doing everything he can to change the history and heritage of this nation,” Sekulow wrote in response to the administration’s move. “His vision and actions put at risk the Judeo-Christian values that have been the cornerstone of our republic.”78
This article appears in the Fall 2012 issue of The Public Eye (pdf).
1. “Pat Robertson’s Empire,” Publiceye.org.http://www.publiceye.org/ifas/fw/9503/
2. Kyle Matylaw, “God Tells Robertson 2011 Will Be Bad For The World, Great for Robertson,” Right Wing Watch, January 3, 2011.http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/god-tells-robertson-2011-will-bad-world-great-robertson
3. Jay Sekulow, “A Legal Grand Slam!” ACLJ Docket Blog (August 1, 2006). http://aclj.org/traditional-marriage/a-legal-grand-slam
4. “The Right Wing Playbook on Anti-Muslim Extremism,” Right Wing Watch, People for the American Way.http://www.pfaw.org/rww-in-focus/the-right-wing-playbook-anti-muslim-extremism#strat1
7. Jim Brown. “American Family News- ACLJ: Legislation Would Choke Out Churches’ Grassroots Efforts,” American Center for Law and Justice. http://aclj.org/aclj/american-family-news—aclj-legislation-would-choke-out-churches-grassroots-efforts
8. Kyle Mantyla, “Why The Religious Right Opposes Government Assistance For The Poor,” Right Wing Watch, People for the American Way.http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/why-religious-right-opposes-government-assistance-poor
15. Bob Smietana, “Tenn. Lawyer’s family, firm collect millions from charities,” USA TODAY (September 5, 2011).http://www.usatoday.com/news/religion/story/2011-09-05/Tenn-lawyers-family-firm-collect-millions-from-charities/50259614/1
16. Associated Press, “Sekulow’s charity work worth $33M to family,” The Oak Ridger (September 6, 2011). http://www.oakridger.com/newsnow/x1638745766/Sekulow-s-charity-work-worth-33M-to-family
17. Tony Mauro, “The Secrets of Jay Sekulow.,”The Ross Institute Internet Archives for the Study of Destructive Cults, Controversial Groups and Movements. http://www.rickross.com/reference/tv_preachers/tv_preachers39.html
18. GuideStar gathers and publicizes nonprofit reports and Forms 990 for donors, grantmakers and businesses, “Nonprofit Report for AMERICAN CENTER FOR LAW AND JUSTICE INC,” GuideStar. http://www.guidestar.org/organizations/541586817/american-center-law-justice.aspx; “Nonprofit Report for CHRISTIAN ADVOCATES SERVING EVANGELISM INC,” GuideStar.http://www.guidestar.org/organizations/94-3037261/christianadvocates-serving-evangelism.aspx
19. GuideStar nonprofit reports and Forms 990 for donors, grantmakers and businesses. “Nonprofit Report for AMERICAN CENTER FOR LAW AND JUSTICE INC.” Accessed June 05, 2012. http://www.guidestar.org/organizations/541586817/american-center-law-justice.aspx
20. GuideStar nonprofit reports and Forms 990 for donors, grantmakers and businesses. “Nonprofit Report for CHRISTIAN ADVOCATES SERVING EVANGELISM INC.” Accessed June 05, 2012. http://www.guidestar.org/organizations/943037261/christian-advocates-serving-evangelism.aspx
21. GuideStar nonprofit reports and Forms 990 for donors, grantmakers and businesses. “Nonprofit Report for CHRISTIAN ADVOCATES SERVING EVANGELISM INC.” Accessed June 05, 2012. http://www.guidestar.org/organizations/94-3037261/christian-advocates-serving-evangelism.aspx
22. GuideStar gathers and publicizes nonprofit reports and Forms 990 for donors, grantmakers and businesses, “Nonprofit Report for AMERICAN CENTER FOR LAW AND JUSTICE INC,” GuideStar.http://www.guidestar.org/organizations/541586817/american-center-law-justice.aspx; “Nonprofit Report for CHRISTIAN ADVOCATES SERVING EVANGELISM INC,” GuideStar.http://www.guidestar.org/organizations/94-3037261/christian-advocates-serving-evangelism.aspx
23. Jay Sekulow, From Intimidation to Victory: Regaining the Christian right to speak. Lake May, Florida: Creation House, (1990).
24. Sekulow, From Intimidation to Victory, 26.
25. Sekulow, From Intimidation to Victory, 34.
26. Sekulow, From Intimidation to Victory, 19.
27. Sekulow, From Intimidation to Victory, 21.
28. Sekulow, From Intimidation to Victory, 145.
29. Sekulow, From Intimidation to Victory, 156.
30. Ben Dimiero, Eric Hanonoki, “Fox News: Where Romney Advisers Are Undisclosed, Impartial Analysts,” Media Matter For America. Accessed June 05, 2012.http://mediamatters.org/iphone/blog/201205040002
31. Jay Alan Sekulow, Direct Mail (January 23, 2003); Jay Alan Sekulow, Direct Mail (May 2007). Text is available at Political Research Associates library.
32. PFAW. “The ‘Big Lie’ Strategy: Religious Right Stokes False Fears of Religious Persecution.” Accessed June 05, 2012. http://www.pfaw.org/rww-in-focus/the-big-lie-strategy-religious-right-stokes-false-fears-of-religious-persecution#echochamber
33. Right Wing Watch. “Am I The Only One Who Remembers the “Anti-Christian” Stimulus Provision?” Accessed June 05, 2012. http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/am-i-only-one-who-remembers-anti-christian-stimulus-provision
34. Jay Sekulow, “Evolution Litigation,” ACLJ Docket Blog (February 1, 2005).http://aclj.org/aclj/evolution-litigation
35. Kyle Mantyla, “David French: Evangelicals Should Not Support Arrogant, Bullying Serial Adulterer,” Right Wing Watch, People for the American Way. http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/french-evangelicals-should-not-support-arrogant-bullying-serial-adulterer.
37. Kyle Mantyla, “Romney Successfully Wooing The Religious Right with Promises of Right Wing Judges,”Right Wing Watch,
People for the American Way. http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/romney-successfully-wooing-religious-right-promises-right-wing-judges
38. “Jay and Jordan Sekulow Announce Support for Mitt Romney,” Mitt Romney Press.http://www.mittromney.com/news/press/2012/01/jay-and-jordan-sekulow-announce-support-mitt-romney
40. “Read The ACLJ’s Position on Free Speech-2004,” American Center for Law and Justice. http://aclj.org/free-speech-2/read-the-aclj-s-position
41. Jay Sekulow, “A Legal Grand Slam!” ACLJ Docket Blog (August 1, 2006). http://aclj.org/traditional-marriage/a-legal-grand-slam
42. “ACLJ Represents Members of Congress in Asking California Supreme Court to Uphold Proposition 8 Vote Supporting Marriage,” American Center for Law and Justice. http://aclj.org/traditional-marriage/aclj-represents-members-of-congress-in-asking-california-supreme-court-to-uphold-proposition-8-vote-supporting-marriage
43. “ACLJ Fights Efforts by Same-Sex Couples to Redefine Marriage- Brief Filed in CT Case,” American Center for Law and
44. “ACLJ Files Legal Challenge on Behalf of a Group of Massachusetts Legislators to Stop the Mass. Judicial Court Decision Allowing Same-Sex Marriage,” BusinessWire (April 27, 2004).. http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20040427005631/en/ACLJ-Files-Legal-Challenge-Behalf-Group-Massachusetts
45. “ACLJ Asks Washington State Supreme Court to Uphold Marriage Between One Man and One Woman,” American Center for Law and Justice. http://aclj.org/aclj/aclj-asks-washington-state-supreme-court-to-uphold-marriage-between-one-man-and-one-woman.
46. “New Jersey Supreme Court Says No Fundamental Right to Same-Sex Marriage,” American Center for Law and Justice. http://aclj.org/traditional-marriage/new-jersey-supreme-court-says-no-fundamental-right-to-same-sex-marriage.
48. “ACLJ Calls Vermont Supreme Court Decision Extending Protection to Same-Sex Couples ‘Troubling’ and ‘Disappointing.” BusinessWire (December 20, 1999). http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_1999_Dec_20/ai_58304729/.
49. “ACLJ Asks Washington State Supreme Court to Uphold Marriage Between One Man and One Woman,” American Center for Law and Justice. http://aclj.org/aclj/aclj-asks-washington-state-supreme-court-to-uphold-marriage-between-one-man-and-one-woman.
52. Right Wing Watch. “Sekulow: DOMA Decision Means “We’re Now Living in a Monarchy.”" Accessed June 05, 2012. http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/sekulow-doma-decision-means-were-now-living-monarchy
53. Christian Radio – Free Online Christian Ministry Radio Broadcasts – OnePlace.com. “Play Defending DOM- Jay Sekulow Live!’ Accessed June 05, 2012. http://www.oneplace.com/es/ministries/jay-sekulow-live/player/jay-sekulow-live-168785.html
57. Jennifer Wishon, “New Hate Crimes Law Protect Sexual Orientation,” CBN News (October 24, 2009). http://www.cbn.com/cbnnews/politics/2009/October/Congress-Makes-Homosexuality-a-Protected-Class/.
59. Boy Scouts of America and Monmouth Council of Boy Scouts of America v. James Dale. (99-699) 530 U.S. 640 (2000). www.bsa-discrimination.org/ACLJ_Brief.pdf
61. Brian Tashman, “Ironically-Named ‘Military Religious Freedom Protection Act’ Opens the Door for Conservative Scare Tactics,”Right Wing Watch, People for the American Way.http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/ironically-named-military-religious-freedom-protection-act-opens-door-conservative-scare-tactics.
63. Brian Tashman, “Rep. Tim Huelskamp Says the Obama Administration is ‘Using the Military as a Guinea Pig’ for the ‘Radical Homosexual Agenda,’” Right Wing Watch, People for the American Way. http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/tim-huelskamp-obama-administration-military-radical-homosexual-agenda.
64. Justin Snow, “ACLJ Attorney Fired After Online Accusations of Gay Relationships,” Metro Weekly (October 9, 2012).http://www.metroweekly.com/poliglot/2012/10/aclj-attorney-fired-after-online-accusations-of-ga.html
65. Schenck v. Pro-Choice Network of Western New York (1996). http://www.oyez.org/cases/1990-1999/1996/1996_95_1065
66. Hill V. Colorado (1999). http://www.oyez.org/cases/1990-1999/1999/1999_98_1856
67. Jay Alan Sekulow, Direct Mail (January 23, 2003); Jay Alan Sekulow, Direct Mail (May 2007). Text is available at Political Research Associates library.
70. Kyle Mantyla, ” Omniscient Texas Bus Driver’s Story Falls Apart,” Right Wing Watch, People for the American Way. http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/omniscient-texas-bus-drivers-story-falls-apart.
71. “ACLJ Gets Win for Pro-life Pharmacy Owners in Illinois After Lengthy Legal Battle,” American Center for Law and Justice. http://aclj.org/pro-life/aclj-gets-win-for-pro-life-pharmacy-owners-in-illinois-after-lengthy-legal-battle.
72. Kyle Mantyla, “ACLJ Out Front of Another Bogus Controversy,”Right Wing Watch, People for the American Way. http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/aclj-out-front-another-bogus-controversy.
73. Jay Sekulow, “ACLJ Demands Retraction from DHS on Labelling Pro-Lifers as Extremists,” The Voice Magazine.com.http://www.thevoicemagazine.com/culture/society/aclj-demands-retraction-of-dhs-pro-life-rightwing-extremists-label.html.
74. Planned Parenthood v. Thomas M Suehs, Executive Commissioner, Texas Health and Human Services Commission, U.S. States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.http://c0391070.cdn2.cloudfiles.rackspacecloud.com/pdf/ppa-v-suehs-aclj-amicus-brief.pdf.
75. “Defunding Planned Parenthood, Stopping Abortion,” American Center for Law and Justice. http://aclj.org/planned-parenthood/defunding-planned-parenthood-stopping-abortion.
77. Recording of “Jay Sekulow Live” (May 24, 2012). http://ht.salemweb.net/zcast/jay-sekulow-live/2012/05-24/282955/jay-sekulow-live_2012-05-24_jay-sekulow-live_20120524130858.mp3?type=streaming
78. Jay Sekulow, “The Obama Assault on Our Values,” American Center for Law and Justice. http://aclj.org/us-constitution/jay-sekulow-obama-assault-on-values.